Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law

School of Law

Contact Details

Anna Lawson's Publications

Books

  • Breakthrough - The Care Dilemma: Welfare Policies for People with Intellectual and Psychiatric Disabilites and their Families, ed. by Li J and others (Beijing National Defense University Publishing House, 2012)

  • European Union Non-Discrimination Law and Intersectionality: investigating the triangle of racial, gender and disability discrimination, ed. by Schiek D and Lawson A (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2011)

    This book contributes to a critical reflection of current legislative and jurisprudential developments in Non-Discrimination Law, focusing on the European Union. The book is focused on intersectionality between gender, race and disability and the question of whether, and to what extent, this intersection can be adequately addressed in (EU) law. The discussion rests on two basic assumptions. First, the multiplication of 'discrimination grounds' in EU law and other legal regimes should not result in a dilution of the demands of equality law. Accordingly, the book focuses on the three key grounds - race, gender and disability. These constitute nodes around which other discrimination grounds can be grouped. Second, any multi-ground non-discrimination law framework needs to engage with the question of discrimination on several grounds. This book provides a critical evaluation of some of the problems presented by such intersectionality and an opportunity to explore the issues in depth. This collection offers some new proposals relating to the regrouping of identity categories and to the general approach to socio-legal research in the field. It also contains a comparative section, which expands on practical experiences with intersectionality and law, and a section dedicated to juridical responses to intersectionality. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers, academics and those working in the area of EU non-discrimination law and policy.

  • Lawson A, Disability and Equality Law in Britain: The Role of Reasonable Adjustment (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2008)

  • Lawson AMM, Gooding C, Disability Rights in Europe: From Theory to Practice (Hart, 2005), 1, 320p

Journal articles

  • Priestley M, Stickings M, Loja E, Grammenos S, Lawson A, Waddington L, Fridriksdottir B, ‘The political participation of disabled people in Europe: Rights, accessibility and activism’, Electoral Studies, 42 (2016), 1-9
    DOI: 10.1016/j.electstud.2016.01.009, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/94068/

    © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.This paper provides the first systematic cross-national assessment of disabled people's electoral and political participation, based on research in the 28 Member States of the European Union and in the context of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. A mixed methods approach included policy analysis, information requests to national experts and secondary analysis of European survey data. The evidence populated indicators which suggest four lines of action: (a) lifting legal and administrative barriers; (b) raising awareness; (c) making political participation more accessible (c) expanding participation opportunities in public life. Civil society organizations as well as public institutions have an important role to play as change agents in this regard.

  • Priestley M, Lawson A, ‘Mapping disability policies in Europe: Introducing the disability online tool of the commission (DOTCOM)’, Alter, 9.1 (2015), 75-78
    DOI: 10.1016/j.alter.2014.12.006, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/82527/

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Accessibility Obligations in the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Nyusti and Takacs v Hungary’, South African Journal on Human Rights, 30.2 (2014), 380-392

  • Lawson AMM, Flynn E, ‘Disability and Access to Justice in the European Union: Implications of the United nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities’, Yearbook of European Disability Law, ed. by Waddington L, Quinn G and Flynn E, 4 (2013), 7-44

  • Lawson AMM, Priestley M, ‘Potential, principle and pragmatism in concurrent multinational monitoring: disability rights in the European Union’, The International Journal of Human Rights, 17.7-8 (2013), 739-757
    DOI: 10.1080/13642987.2013.834494, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/81256/

    This article responds to some of the limitations of traditional human rights monitoring systems by identifying the potential for more dynamic methods of recording and reporting rights-based evidence. The article distinguishes between ‘consecutive’ and ‘concurrent’ models of monitoring and between hierarchical and non-hierarchical monitoring systems. Using the example of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, a principled framework for systems development in this field is outlined. The practical contingencies of designing and implementing new monitoring tools across 34 European countries are then reviewed. The article concludes that more flexible and dynamic reporting tools can help to make states more accountable for the implementation of their human rights obligations and facilitate policy exchange and the sharing of good practice. Recent developments within the European Union disability field offer potential for adaptation to other human rights fields and to other regions of the world.

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Disability Equality, Reasonable Accommodation and the Avoidance of Ill-Treatment in Places of Detention: What Role for Monitoring and Inspection Bodies?’, The International Journal of Human Rights, 16.6 (2012), 845-864
    DOI: 10.1080/13642987.2012.706003

    This article focuses on the way in which disabled people who are deprived of their liberty are treated in places of detention. It argues that human rights law demands that disabled people should not be discriminated against while in detention and that the non-discrimination obligation includes a reasonable accommodation obligation. The nature of this obligation is explained, together with the heightened profile given to it in the context of places of detention by Article 14 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. A number of cases decided by supranational bodies are used to demonstrate how failures to provide reasonable accommodations to disabled detainees may result in inhuman or degrading treatment, as well as in discrimination. The extent to which principles of disability equality and reasonable accommodation are incorporated into the guidance issued by three supranational systems for monitoring places of detention is also examined. It is suggested that, in all three instances, more could and should be done to highlight the importance of ensuring that places of detention develop systems for guaranteeing that reasonable accommodation is provided to disabled detainees and that this would play an important role in reducing the risk of exposing disabled people deprived of their liberty to inhuman, cruel or degrading treatment.

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Disability and Employment in the Equality Act 2010: Opportunities Seized, Lost and Generated’, Industrial Law Journal, 40.4 (2011), 359-383

    This article critically evaluates employment-related changes made by the Equality Act 2010 from a disability perspective. It identifies opportunities to enhance disability equality which were seized as well as those which were missed. Where relevant, these are held up for scrutiny through the lens of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, by which the UK is now bound. Two respects in which the Equality Act may fall short of that Convention’s demands are identified. In addition, the article draws attention to equality measures in the Act which are specific to disability. It is suggested that, by including these measures and highlighting their disability-specific application, the Act has generated fresh opportunities to open debate about whether such measures should be extended to other protected characteristics.

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Reasonable Accommodation and Accessibility Obligations: Towards a More Unified European Approach?’, European Anti-Discrimination Law Review, 11 (2011), 11-21

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Challenging Disabling Barriers to Information and Communication Technology in the Information Society: A United Kingdom Perspective’, Yearbook of European Disability Law and Policy 2010

  • Lawson AMM, ‘People with Psychosocial Impairments or Conditions, Reasonable Accommodation and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities’, Law In Context, 26 (2008), 62-84

  • Lawson AMM, ‘The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: New Era or False Dawn?’, Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce, 34.2 (2007), 563-619

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Disability, Degradation and Dignity: the Role of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights’, Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 56.4 (2006), 462-491

  • Lawson AMM, Mukherjee A, ‘Slopping out in Scotland: the limits of degradation and respect’, European Human Rights Law Review, 6 (2004), 645-659

    The practice of "slopping out" in the Scottish prison system is set in context. The case Napier v. Scottish Ministers is examined in relation to Arts. 3 and 8 ECHR as well as other case law, the development of the definition and the justifications advanced under Art.8(2). The article concludes by considering the impact of the Napier judgement on political pressure for prison reform.

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Disabled People and European Human Rights: A Review of the Implications of the 1998 Human Rights Act for Disabled Children and Adults in the UK by Luke Clements and Janet Read; Bristol: The Policy Press (2003)’, Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 25 (2003), 307-309

  • Priestley M, Lawson AMM, ‘Droits des personnes handicapées en Europe: perspectives et échanges d’idées’, Handicap: Revue de Sciences Humanies et Sociales, 100 (2003), 59-66

  • Lawson A, ‘Review of “Disabled People and European Human Rights: A Review of the Implications of the 1998 Human Rights Act for Disabled Children and Adults in the UK” by L Clements and J Read; Bristol: The Policy Press (2003)’, Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law 25 307-309 2003, 307-309

  • Lawson A, ‘Justifying discrimination by landlords against disabled tenants’, Landlord and Tenant Review, 4.3 (2000), 60-62
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/87880/

    Implications of Scottish decision that landlord's less favourable treatment of blind person was not unlawful under 1995 Act. Legislation Cited: Disability Discrimination Act 1995s.24. Cases cited: Rose v Bouchet 2000 S.L.T. (Sh Ct) 170 (Sh Pr).

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Selling, Letting and Managing Premises: New Rights for Disabled People?’, Conveyancer and Property Lawyer, 64 (2000), 128-154

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Selling, Letting and Managing Premises: New Rights for Disabled People’, Conveyancer and Property Lawyer, 64 (2000), 128-152

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Stories in Court: Videotaped Interviews and the Production of Children's Testimony’, Child and Family Law Quarterly, 10 (1998), 179-189

  • Lawson AMM, Wade A, Aldridge-Smith J, ‘Stories in Court: Videotaped Interviews and the Production of Children's Testimony’, Child and Family Law Quarterly, 10 (1998), 179-189

  • Lawson AMM, ‘The Things we do for Love: Detrimental Reliance in the Family Home’, Legal Studies, 16 (1996), 218-231

  • Lawson AMM, ‘The Things We do for Love: Detrimental Reliance in the Family Home’, Legal Studies, 16 (1996), 218-231

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Direct and Indirect Contributions to the Purchase Price of the Family Home’, Conveyancer and Property Lawyer, 60 (1996), 462-448

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Direct and Indirect Contributions to the Purchase Price of a Home’, Conveyancer and Property Lawyer, 60 (1996), 462-468

  • Lawson AMM, ‘O'Brien and its Legacy: Principle, Equity and Certainty?’, Cambridge Law Journal, 54 (1995), 280-289

  • Flynn LP, Lawson AMM, ‘Gender, Sexuality and the Doctrine of Detrimental Reliance’, Feminist Legal Studies, 3 (1995), 105-121

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Whither the General Arrest Conditions?’, Criminal Law Review 1993, 567-571

  • Lawson A, ‘Acquiring a Beneficial Interest in the Family Home’, Conveyancer 1992, 218-223

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Bankruptcy and the Family Home’, Conveyancer and Property Lawyer 1991, 302-307

Chapters

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Disabled People and Access to Justice: From Disablement to Enablement?’, in Routledge Handbook of Disability Law and Human Rights, ed. by Blanck P and Flynn E (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016)
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/99307/

  • Lawson A, Priestley M, ‘The Social Model of Disability: Questions for Law and Legal Scholarship?’, in Routledge Handbook of Disability Law and Human Rights, ed. by Blanck P and Flynn E (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2016)
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/99306/

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Disability and Employment in the European Union: Collective Strategies and Tools’, in Disability and Equity at Work, ed. by Heymann J, Stein MA and Moreno G (Oxford Universty Press, 2014)

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Securing Rights to Reasonable Accommodation under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: A Role for Disability Studies?’, in Tutela Della Persona e Disability Studies, ed. by Marra A (Falzea Editore, 2013)

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Challenging Disabling Barriers to Information and Communication Technology in the Information Society: A United Kingdom Perspective’, in Disability and Equality Law, ed. by Emens E and Stein M (Ashgate, 2013)

  • Lawson AMM, Schiek D, ‘Introduction’, in EU Non-Discrimination Law and Intersectionality: Investigating the Triangle of Racial, Gender and Disability Discrimination, ed. by Schiek D and Lawson A (Ashgate, 2011)

  • Lawson A, ‘Disadvantage at the Intersection Between Race and Disability: Key Challenges for EU Non-Discrimination Law’, in EU Non-Discrimination Law and Intersectionality: Investigating the Triangle of Racial, Gender and Disability Discrimination, ed. by Schiek D and Lawson A ([n.pub.], 2011)

  • Lawson A, ‘The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and European Disability Law: A Catalyst for Cohesion?’, in The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: European and Scandinavian Perspectives, ed. by Arnardottir O and Quinn G, International Studies in Human Rights (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2009), 100, 81-109

  • Lawson A, ‘Landlords, Disabled Tenants and the Rising Tide of Equality Law’, in Current Issues in Property Law, ed. by Dixon M and Griffiths G (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007)

  • Lawson AMM, Gooding C, ‘Introduction’, in Disability Rights in Europe: From Theory to Practice, ed. by Lawson A and Gooding C (Hart, 2005), 1-8

  • Lawson AMM, Matthews B, ‘Dismantling Barriers to Transport by Law: The European Journey’, in The Social Model of Disability: Europe and the Majority World, ed. by Barnes C and Mercer G (The Disability Press, 2005), 80-97

  • Lawson AMM, ‘The Human Rights Act 1998 and Disabled People: A Right to be Human?’, in Human Rights and the Community, ed. by Harvey C (Hart, 2005), 135-154

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Land Law and the Creation of Disability’, in New Perspectives on Property Law: Human Rights and the Family Home, ed. by Hudson A (Cavendish Publishing Ltd, 2003), 117-130

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Land Law and the Creation of Disability’, in New Perspectives on Property Law: Human Rights and the Family Home, ed. by Hudson A (Cavendish, 2003), 117-130

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Easements’, in Land Law: Issues, Debates, Policy, ed. by Tee L (Willan Publishing, Devon, 2002), 64-97

Conference papers

  • Lawson A, ‘Law & Policy Challenges for Achieving an Accessible Information Society in the EU: Lessons from Britain’ Mid-term Conference of NCoE Welfare REASSESS 2009, Oslo, Norway, 18/05/2009 - 20/05/2009

  • Lawson A, ‘Chair of event "legal capacity’ UN Conference of States Parties on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, New York, 01/09/2009 - 04/09/2009

  • Lawson A, ‘The UN Draft International Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities: Purpose, Progress and Potential’ The Human Rights of People With Disabilities: Extending Freedom to All, London School of Economics Centre for the Study of Human Rights, 01/03/2006

Conference presentations

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Achieving our Rights in a Changing World’ Annual Conference of Disability Wales, Wrexham, 19/10/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Research, Disabled People and the CRPD: Reflections Ten Years On’ Social Forum of the UN Human Rights Council, Geneva, 03/10/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘The Proposed European Accessibility Act: Legal and Moral Imperatives and Opportunities’ The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament (EMPL), 'Accessibility Act', European Parliament in Brussels, 26/09/2016 - 26/09/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Accessibility and Disability: Policy Context’ Future of Accessibility, Microsoft, 28/06/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Accessibility as a Rights Enabler for Disabled People’ European Foundation for Inclusion, 'European Accessibility Act', European Economic and Social Committee, Brussels, 22/06/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘The Benefits of EU Law to Disabled People: Transport’ Disability-Related Advantages of EU Membership, House of Lords, 07/06/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Reasonable Accommodation and Accessibility: Definition, Scope and Other Challenges’ Equinet Seminar on Accessibility and Reasonable Accommodation, Vienna, 04/04/2016 - 05/04/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Reasonable Accommodation and Accessibility: Definition, Scope and Other Challenges’ Equinet seminar on Accessibility and Reasonable Accommodation, Vienna, 04/04/2016 - 05/04/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Access to Justice for People with Intellectual Disabilities in Europe: Past and Future Contributions of the European Court of Human Rights and the Council of Europe more Generally’ European Association of Service Providers: Access To Justice and Legal Capacity, Strasbourg, 18/03/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Access to justice for people with intellectual disabilities in Europe: Past and Future Contributions of the European Court of Human Rights and the Council of Europe more Generally’ Access to justice for persons with intellectual disabilities: Implementation of Article 12 and 13 of the UN CRPD, European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg, 18/03/2016 - 18/03/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Accessibility’ African Disability Rights Seminar, Pretoria, 11/03/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Discrimination and Equality Law in Europe’ African Disability Rights seminar, Pretoria, 11/03/2016

  • Lawson AMM, ‘National Implementation of EU Disability Discrimination Legislation: A Comparative Assessment’ Annual Conference on Disability Rights, Academy of European Law, Trier, Germany, 14/12/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Disability Equality Law in 2015: Taking Stock and Looking Forward’ Equality, Diversity and Human Rights, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, 04/11/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘20 Years of Disability Equality Law: The Journey So Far’ Discrimination Law Association Annual Conference, London, 26/10/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Towards EU Disability Rights: Inspirations, Implications and Implementations’ Quel Anniversaire Pour Les Personnes Handicapees?, Conseil Regional D'Ile-di-France, Paris, France, 08/10/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Towards EU Disability Rights: Inspirations, Implications and Implementations’ 2005-2015 Quel anniversaire pour les personnes handicapees?, Conseil Regional D'Ile-di-France. Paris, France, 08/10/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Reasonable Accommodation and the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities’ Hong Kong University's Summer Institute on Disability Rights, Hong Kong, 30/06/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Disability and the Equality Act 2010: Reflections on Priority Concerns’ Seminar organised by the House of Lords Select Committee on the Equality Act and Disability, House of Lords, 01/06/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Collection and Dissemination of Data on Children with Mental Disabilities: The Role of European Institutions’ Outreach Seminar, Brussels, 16/04/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Regulating Disability Discrimination in Europe’ European Guide Dog Federation Annual Conference, Bucharest, 01/04/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘European Equality Law and Assistance Dogs: Progress and Problems’ European Guide Dog Federation Annual Conference, Bucharest, 01/04/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Accessibility: Critical Reflections on Article 9 of the CRPD’ Disability Rights in an African Context, University of Pretoria, 11/03/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Close Encounters of Three Kinds: Policing, Equality Law and Disabled Suspects’ Disability Equality and Human Rights in Policing and Prosecuting, Leeds, 13/02/2015

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Living Independently and Being Included in the Community: A Human Rights Challenge’ Centre for Human Rights, Centre for Human Rights, University of York, 26/11/2014

  • Lawson AMM, Flynn E, ‘Access to Justice: International Law and Domestic Implications’ International Disability Law Summer School, University of Galway, 18/06/2014

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Judging Disability Discrimination Law in the EU’ Academy of European Law, Trier, Germany, 19/05/2014

  • Lawson AMM, ‘The Ivory Tower and the Real World: Academia and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities’ Nordic Network of Disability Research Conference, Reykjavik, 01/05/2011

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Disabled People and Barriers to Working Abroad’ European Commission’s Annual European Day of Disabled Persons Conference, Brussels, 01/12/2010

  • Lawson AMM, ‘Setting the Scene: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Reasonable Accommodation’ Symposium on Reasonable Accommodation, organised by the European Disability Forum, the European Foundation Centre and the European Economic and Social Committee, Brussels, 01/09/2010

  • Lawson A, ‘Member of the Mental Disability Advocacy Centre delegation’ UN Conference of States Parties on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, New York, 01/09/2009 - 04/09/2009

  • Lawson A, ‘Reasonable Accommodation: An Overview’ workshop on reasonable accommodation, Leeds City Council, Leeds, UK, 01/08/2009

  • Lawson A, ‘Reasonable Accommodation and the EU’ Seminar for judges and prosecutors, Academy of European Law, Trier, Germany, 01/11/2008

  • Lawson A, ‘expert speaker’ Latvian Ministerial Seminar on the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Riga, Latvia, 01/06/2008

  • Lawson A, ‘Expert speaker’ seminar on employment and human rights organised by the Polish Association for Persons with Mental Handicap, Warsaw, Poland, 01/06/2008

  • Lawson A, ‘Workshop leader’ Workshops on the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and European human rights law for Turkish disability NGOs organised by Bilgi University, Istanbul, and the Raoul Wallenberg In, Stockholm, Sweden, 01/05/2008

  • Lawson A, ‘Session rapporteur’ The Human Rights of Persons with Disabilities: From Social Policy to Equal Rights, Reykjavik, Iceland, 01/09/2007

  • Lawson A, ‘Property v Equality: The Challenge of Reasonable Accommodation’ Comparative, Transnational and Emerging Issues in Property Law, Durham, 01/01/2007

Reports

  • Lawson AMM, Ferri D, Reasonable Accommodation for Disabled People in Employment: A legal analysis of the situation in EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, (European Commission, 2016)
    DOI: 10.2838/53553, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/95772/

  • Roulstone A, Woodin S, Lawson A, Priestley M, Accessibility of Healthcare: UK country report, (Utrecht/Leeds: ANED, 2015)

  • Roulstone A, Woodin S, Lawson A, Priestley M, Access to Healthcare: ANED UK country report, (Utrecht/Leeds: ANED, 2015)

  • Lawson A, Priestley M, Whayman D, Loja E, European Disability Strategy 2010-2020: assessment of initial progress on actions, (unpublished, 2014)

  • Lawson AMM, Loja E, Accessibility of Healthcare for People with Disabilities in Europe: A Comparative Study: Synthesis Report for the Academic Network of European Disability Experts, (Academic Network of European Disability Experts, 2014)

  • Lawson AMM, Waddinton L, Access to and Accessibility of Citizenship & Political Participation of People With Disabilities in Europe, (Academic Network of European Disability Experts, 2013)

  • Lawson AMM, Maximising the Impact and Effectiveness of Accessibility Measures for Goods and Services: Learning from National Experiences, (Academic Network of European Disability Experts, 2012)

  • Lawson AMM, Choice and Control: The Right to Independent Living, (Luxembourg: Publications Office of the EU, 2012)

  • Lawson AMM, Waddington L, Disability Non-Discrimination Law in the European Union: A Thematic Report, ([n.pub.], 2009)

  • Lawson AMM, Priestley M, Indicators of Disability Equality in Europe (IDEE) A Preliminary List of Indicator Proposals for Discussion, (Academic Network of European Disability Experts, 2009)

  • Lawson AMM, Priestley M, Monitoring the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities in Europe: Prinicples for the Identification and Use of Indicators, ([n.pub.], 2008)

  • Lawson AMM, Maximising the Impact and Effectiveness of Accessibility Measures for Goods and Services: Learning from National Experiences, (Academic Network of European Disability Experts, [n.d.])

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