School of Law

Contact Details

Mr Stuart Lister

Senior Lecturer in Criminal Justice

I joined the School of Law in 2001, working on a series of linked research projects in the areas of policing and security.

In 2004, I was appointed to a lectureship in the School to teach and research criminal justice, criminology and victimology.

Research Interests

My research interests come together around exploring the changes and continuities in the provision, role, function and effectiveness of contemporary policing and security endeavours.

In particular, I have a long-standing interest in the governance of security in the night-time economy. My other research interests include the security of older people and distraction burglary.


At undergraduate level, I teach a variety of core modules within the BA Criminal Justice and Criminology degree (including Crime Prevention and Community Safety, Policing, Understanding Crime, and Victims, Crime and Victimology).

At postgraduate level, I teach Policing and Criminal Justice Processes, and dissertation supervision.

PhD Supervision

I would welcome supervision enquiries that accord (broadly) with my research interests as detailed above.

I currently supervise the following research students.

  • Lee Johnson (p-t) (2011-) ‘Understanding Assaults Against Police Officers - An Ethnography of Violence’.
  • Mark Hartely (p-t) (2011-) ‘The transfer and implementation of 'Community Policing' from the United Kingdom to the United Arab Emirates’.
  • Jenny Healy (2014-) 'Who pays for public policing? Exploring the shifting boundaries of responsibility for the provision of ‘public’ policing', ESRC Collaborative Award.
  • Sean Butcher (2015-) 'Civilian Activation in Policing Plurality: A theoretical and ethnographic analysis of volunteer citizen patrol schemes in England and Wales'. ESRC Studentship Award.
  • Declan Falconer (2016-) 'The impacts on community relations of police use of Body-Worn Video', N8 Policing Research Partnership Studentship Award.
  • Daniel Pugh (2016-) 'Evaluation of Police Mobile Systems', N8 Policing Research Partnership Studentship Award.

I have supervised the following research students to the successful completion of their degrees.

  • Jonathan Burnett (2008) ‘Implementing Community Cohesion’.
  • Anna Barker (2012) ‘Perceptions of Local Insecurity: Increasing Public Reassurance and Confidence through Intensive Neighbourhood Management’, ESRC CASE Award.
  • Laura Connelly (2016) ‘The Governance of Sex-Trafficking in the UK’, University Research Scholarship.
  • Peter Traynor (2017) ‘Pathways into and out of knife use: young people’s motivations, rationales and experiences of carrying/using knives’. ESRC Studentship Award.


Key Publications


  • Crawford A, Lister SC, Blackburn SJ, Burnett J, Plural Policing: The Mixed Economy of Visible Patrols in England and Wales, Researching Criminal Justice (The Policy Press, 2005)

  • Hobbs D, Hadfield P, Lister SC, Winlow S, Bouncers: violence and governance in the night-time economy (Oxford University Press, 2003), 323p

    This book explores the growth and development of the night-time economy in relation to the strategies of control imposed by commercial security agents.

Journal articles

  • Lister SC, Rowe M, ‘Electing police and crime commissioners in England and Wales: prospecting for the democratisation of policing, Policing and Society’, Policing and Society, 25.4 (2015), 358-377
    DOI: 10.1080/10439463.2013.868461, Repository URL:

    This article explores the prospects for greater democratic governance and accountability of policing arising from the inaugural elections for Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) across England and Wales. It argues that the democratic credentials of PCCs have been undermined not only by a failure of local politics to confer on them a strong mandate but also by wider inadequacies in how their role and remit have been defined and structured in law. The analysis proceeds to consider whether PCCs represent a truly local vision of governance, particularly in the light of the size of their areas of jurisdiction, but also given the centralised political affiliations of many PCCs. The implications for whether PCCs will be able to deliver a more socially democratic form of policing are discussed. The article concludes by suggesting the prospects for more democratically governed policing depend on a much wider range of social, economic and political features than a cyclical election for a Commissioner. Few of these are within the remit of PCCs and the risk of populism and majoritarianism might mean that the new office privileges rather than democratises local policing.

  • Lister SC, ‘Scrutinising the role of the Police and Crime Panel in the new era of police governance in England and Wales’, Safer Communities, 14.1 (2014), 22-31

  • Lister SC, ‘The New Politics of the Police: Police and Crime Commissioners and the ‘Operational Independence’ of the Police’, Policing’, Policing, 7.3 (2013), 239-247

  • Crawford A, Lister SC, ‘Additional Security Patrols in Residential Areas: Notes from the Marketplace’, Policing and Society, 16.2 (2006), 164-188
    DOI: 10.1080/10439460600662189

    This paper presents an overview of an emerging market in residential security patrols in England and Wales. Drawing on recent empirical research, it outlines the fragmented and uneven nature of current developments and highlights coordination deficits and the absence of regulatory oversight. The research illustrates how the growth in competitive relations between different providers of patrol can stymie the development of effective networked security alliances. It demonstrates the capacity of additional policing schemes to fuel unrealistic expectations among local publics and raise security thresholds. Furthermore, it highlights how policing as commodity through residential patrols can foster exclusionary tendencies by serving parochial rather than public interests. This raises important challenges that demand robust forms of governance and accountability to guarantee an equitable and fair distribution of policing and security.


  • Lister S, ‘Police and Policing’, in Criminal Justice, ed. by Hucklesby A and Wahidin A (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), 37-58


  • Lister S, Seddon T, Wincup E, Barrett S, Traynor P, Street Policing of Problem Drug Users, in Street Policing of Problem Drug Users, ( Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2008)

Media Contact Areas

I am happy to receive press enquiries related to the following areas.

  • Police and policing
  • Private security
  • Crime prevention and anti-social behaviour
  • Burglary and distraction burglary
  • Violence, alcohol and the night-time economy
  • Drug policy, enforcement and control
  • Football hooliganism and crowd control

© Copyright Leeds 2018